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The fall of communism in 1989 was a huge challenge for European states who experienced its effects. The new democracies had to face the immense legacy of the past, and had to find a solution on the issue of individuals related to the former regime. In particular, they had to work with those who have ...
Ce dépôt correspond à l'ensemble du "mémoire inédit" du dossier d'habilitation à diriger des recherches dont le titre général est "Dirigeants d'entreprise et élites économiques en France et en Allemagne au XXe siècle. Formations, trajectoires individuelles et stratégies des firmes". Il ...
This research is a geographical study of reforestation processes, with an emphasis on socio-economic, territorial and landscape changes since the nineteenth century. Our principal interest goes to recently planted forests (les nouvelles forêts) in the Massif Central (France). We studied the ...